Correctional institutions in Indonesian deliver service to two parties: prisoners and the public. The form of service given to prisoners is treatment and rehabilitation, which aim to ensure that prisoners can lead independent and law-abiding lives after release. For the public, the service given by correctional institutions is to offer protection and security from wrongdoers.
In Indonesia, most of the planning and implementation of various treatment program in prisons and detention centres is based on policies developed by the Directorate General of Correction. The Directorate General of Correction has the authority to formulate policies to overcome various problems related to drug-dependent prisoners and drug abuse in prisons. These policies must be implemented in prisons through comprehensive programs, so that there will be changes in prisoners’ behaviour and way of thinking in general. Particularly for drug-dependent prisoners, rehabilitation programs are required to bring about their awareness not to use illegal drugs, which, if prisoners continue to use, will eventually lead to their re-incarceration.
What if you are arrested in Indonesia?
Many people think that when their loved one is
arrested overseas, that their Government will rush to their defence,
tell the detaining government what to do and free the prisoner
immediately. Some even quote various violations of International Law,
Human Rights mandates and local laws. Others quote corruption and insist
that foreign aid, given in times of emergency ie: Tsunami, should be
used as a bargaining chip to free the prisoner in question, or to cut
all diplomatic ties as a means of demanding their release.
Reality check: foreign internment is a complex area
Some good advice:
a) If you are arrested overseas, you may face a significant period of detention before your case comes to trial.
b) The presence of illegal drugs detected in blood or
urine tests is considered possession. You may also be charged with
possessing drugs if trace amounts are found on your body, bloodstream,
clothes or luggage. Amounts of 0.05 grams or less can lead to a
conviction for drug possession and lengthy minimum mandatory prison
c) get a competent lawyer who won't offend the detaining party by
saying their laws are ridiculous (even if you think they are); make sure
they are familiar with international law, sovereignty, foreign judicial
process, AND mindful of cultural sensitivities (what is and isn't
offensive in that culture);
d) establish a good rapport with the consular officers in the field, and
with your point of contact through your relevant foreign affairs
e) work with people who have proven experience to develop a sound
strategic plan away from the media, utilising the support and advice of
known professionals who have extensive knowledge and key contacts in
f) avoid the tabloids as best you can. Some might offer you lucrative
media deals or a spot on prime time television. All offers from the
media should be directed to those experienced professionals who are
working to secure your release. Often the media can impede negatively on
a case, particularly if comments are negative towards the Indonesian
authorities and their judicial process.
g) work with them to engage the foreign government with dignity and
respect, after all, they are best able to make approaches without the
emotional attachments that can derail negotiations early on;
h) understand that these processes are complex and not easily
resolved. Understand the reality of what your government can and cannot
do for you. Your Government can assist you through the consul but they cannot provide a lawyer to you and they cannot get you out of jail. Think of it this way, if you were arrested in your home country, you would be subjected to due process. The same rules apply when you are arrested overseas. You must go through the judicial process and it cannot be interfered with by your Government.
i) your government cannot conduct investigations relating to any alleged offence. This is why you need a lawyer!
j) the Indonesian legal system is a Civil Law system rather than a
Common Law system (The Common Law System is found chiefly in Australia,
England, America and other former British colonies). Its procedures are
entirely different to those in Australia, so don't confuse the two
thinking that what might constitute 'reasonable doubt' or 'minor offense' back home will be similar in Indonesia.
Penalties for crimes in Indonesia are usually harsh.
k) saying you didn't know that drugs were in your bag is not a sound legal defence in any court. If you cannot PROVE your case then chances are you will be convicted.
l) keep a low profile and make sure you have support in place for the long haul. Things move slowly in Indonesia.
You attract more bees with honey than you do with vinegar
FPSS can highly recommend Lawyer Stephen Kenny as an initial point of contact: Click here
A summary of the Stages of Incarceration
1. Initiation Stage
All offenders who have just entered correctional institutions should be observed carefully and should be gradually introduced to the new environment for a period of one month. During this period, the authority should collect information concerning the prisoner, including the reasons for their commission of crime. It is also important to know about the situation of the community to which the offender belongs and his or her attitudes. With all the information collected, suitable treatment programs can be planned and executed. Such treatment programs include the personality and self-reliance development program. The personality treatment focuses on mental and character development so that the offenders can be responsible for themselves, their families, and the community. The self-reliance development focuses on talent and skills so that offenders can become active community members. During this stage, prisoners are placed in a maximum-security setting.
2. The First Installment Stage
By this stage, all offenders have undergone one third of their sentence, and have made some progress in terms of the opinion of the correctional observer team. The offenders should show regret, discipline, and obedience to the rules of the institution. Prisoners are given more freedom and responsibility and medium control is applied to this group. Occasionally they are given a chance to work outside the institution. In the meantime, the institution also improves the offenders’ behaviour and etiquette so that the community will regain its trust in the offenders and change their attitude towards them. At this stage, drug-dependent prisoners are advised to participate in therapy and rehabilitation programs. There are two types of programs implemented in treating and rehabilitating drug dependent prisoners; the drugs abstinence treatment and rehabilitation program and methadone substitution therapy. In the meantime, some correctional institutions have provided health programs focusing on HIV/AIDS prisoners. The prisoners receive counselling and testing which continues on to care, support and treatment (CST) programs where they can easily access Anti-Retroviral Drugs (ARV).
3. The Second Instalment Stage
In this stage, the offenders have undergone half of their sentence, and according to the correctional observer team’s opinion, they have made substantive progress in their physical and mental conditions, as well as in their ability. The scope of the treatment in this stage encompasses not only the institution but also the community. The offenders take part in various kinds of activities, such as praying, sports, educational courses, working in government or private offices, working by themselves, visiting their family, etc. However, they are still under supervision by prison staff. At this stage, drug-dependent prisoners and HIV/AIDS prisoners may continue their treatment and rehabilitation programs. Some drug-dependent prisoners who had been involved in drugs abstinence programs can become trainers for new participants. Drug-dependent prisoners are also obliged to continue their involvement in methadone maintenance treatment. The obligation to continue the treatment is also emphasized for HIV/AIDS prisoners who received ARV. Hence, they can be supporters and peer educators for the other HIV/AIDS prisoners.
What is important at this stage is that the offenders should be mature enough to do the things required of them without harming the people around them. They also need support from their community. This stage applies minimum control.
4. The Third Stage
In order to enter this stage, the offenders must have undergone two-thirds of their sentence and they need to have spent at least nine months in the institution. If the treatment process goes smoothly, they may be paroled. The correctional observer team can recommend pre-release treatment. At this stage, the main treatment activities are administered in the community. Control and guidance is far more relaxed than in the previous stages so that in the end, the offenders can live in the community harmoniously and independently. Based on the developed referral system, drug-dependent prisoners and HIV/AIDS prisoners can continue their treatment in the community, particularly drug-dependent prisoners who had been involved in Methadone Maintenance Treatment and the HIV/AIDS prisoners who had been treated with ARV.
Summary of the Indonesian Pardon Process
is a clemency granted by the President to a prisoner in the form of
alteration, remission, reduction or abolition of sentence. A prisoner is a person who is sentenced by a final and binding court decision. The
types of sentence that may be subject to petition for pardon may be capital punishment, life imprisonment,
imprisonment of 2 (two) years or more.
The petition for pardon shall be submitted one time only, except for those who were previously refused and a period of 2 (two) years has elapsed since the refusal date; or for those for whom a pardon was previously granted in the form of
alteration from capital sentence to life imprisonment and a period of
time 2 (two) years has elapsed since the granting date.
A petition for pardon shall not postpone the execution of a sentence, except for a capital sentence.
The President may grant or refuse a petition for pardon after obtaining the recommendations of the Supreme Court. The President may decide to a reduction or alteration of sentence, grant a remission; or abolition the charge altogether.
The judge or the chief of judges who examined the case in first
instance shall notify the prisoner about his/her right to a pardon.
A petition for pardon may be submitted to the President by the prisoner or his/her proxy. For example; the family of the prisoner may submit an application only with his/her consent. For a prisoners who is imposed with a capital sentence, the petition for
pardon may be submitted by the family of the prisoner without his/her
A petition for pardon may be submitted after the court decision becomes final and binding.
The petition for pardon shall not be limited to a specific period of time.
One copy of the petition shall be submitted to the lower court that
has decided the case in the first instance to be passed to the Supreme
The petition for pardon and its copy
may be submitted by a prisoner through the warden of the prison where the prisoner serves his/her sentence. In this instance, the warden shall send the petition to
the President and its copies to the lower court that has decided the
case in the first instance not later than 7 (seven) days since the
petition for pardon and its copy are received.
Time specifications for handling the petition are often longer than that which is stipulated. Prisoners can expect lengthy delays in receiving any notification despite the time frames (up to two years before a final decision is made). For example; once the Supreme Court receives the petition , it should submit its
recommendations in writing to the President within three months.
The President shall make the decision on a petition for pardon after considering the recommendations of the Supreme Court. This may take up to two years. This decision may be in the form of granting or refusal of pardon.
A copy of the decision shall be sent to the Supreme Court; the lower Court that has decided the case in the first instance; the Office of public prosecutor that has prosecuted the case; and the Prison where the prisoner serves the sentence.
capital sentence shall not be executed before the President's decision
on refusal of the petition for pardon is received by the prisoner, if
there is a petition for pardon which is submitted by the prisoner,
his/her lawyer or his/her family.
All legal challenges must be fully exhausted before a prisoner can submit a petition for Pardon.
granting of pardon is neither a court technical-juridical
issue nor is it an evaluation of a court decision. The granting of pardon
does not constitute an intervention of the President into judicial
matters, but is the prerogative right of the President to grant a
pardon. Although the granting of pardon may alter, reduce, or abolish a
sentence imposed by the court, it does not erase the committed crime and
is also not a rehabilitation for the convict.
SOME PRISONS IN INDONESIA|
| Abepura Prison
Lembaga Pemasyarakatan Abepura, Jl. Kesehataan, Apepura, Papua, Indonesia|
Telephone: +62967 581705
Violence against political prisoners - Click here
| Biak Prison
Lembaga Pemasyarakatan Biak, Jl. Condronegro I, Biak, Papua, Indonesia|
Telephone: +62961 21227
| Fakfak Prison
Lembaga Pemasyarakatan Fakfak, Jl. Letjen S.Parman, Fakfak, Papua, Indonesia|
| Kerobokan prison Bali
PHOTO'S OF INSIDE KEROBOKAN PRISON
Eyewitness accounts and exclusive photos (2012)
Inside the prison
LPM Kerobokan Jl. -
Tangkuban Perahu Kerobokan,
Denpasar 80117 Bali, INDONESIA
Frequently Asked Questions - Kerobokan Prison
| Nabire Prison
Lembaga Pemasyarakatan Nabire, Jl. Padat Karya, Nabire, Papua, Indonesia|
| Manokwari Prison
Lembaga Pemasyarakatan Manokwari, Jl. Sabang No.4, |
Manokwari, Papua, Indonesia
Telephone: +62986 211387 or +62962 211387
| Merauke Prison
Lembaga Pemasyarakatan Merauke, Jl. Ermasu No 18, Merauke, Papua, Indonesia|
Telephone: +62971 321178
| Municipal jail of Jayapura
|| Irian Jaya (West Papua),|
|| Main police jail|
| Poltabes Jail
| Serui Prison
Lembaga Pemasyarakatan Serui, Jl Serui, Serui, Papua, Indonesia|
Telephone: +62961 31303
| Sorong Prison
Lembaga Pemasyarakatan Sorong, Jl. Noho Doom, Sorong, Papua, Indonesia|
Telephone: +62951 321330
| Sukun Penitentiary for Women
Malang, East Java.|
click here for Photos
| Vanimo Prison
The Commander., Vanimo Corrective Institute, P.O .Box 124, Vanimo, Sandaun Province, Papau New Guinea.|
| Wamena Prison
||Lembaga Pemasyarakatan Wamena, Jl. Hom-hom, Wamena, Papua, Indonesia|
Telephone: +62969 32586
CONTACT INFO FOR INDONESIAN PRISONS|
|For Australians held in police custody write to:
C/- MAPOLDA BALI
Jl. W. R. Supratman No. 7
For Australians held in Kerobokan prison write to:
C/- LPM Kerobokan
Jl. Tangkuban Perahu
Kerobokan, Denpasar 80117
Lembaga Pemasyarakatan Abepura, Jl. Kesehataan, Apepura, Papua, Indonesia Telephone: +62967 581705
Lembaga Pemasyarakatan Manokwari, Jl. Sabang No.4, Manokwari, Papua, Indonesia
Telephone: +62986 211387 or +62962 211387
Lembaga Pemasyarakatan Merauke, Jl. Ermasu No 18, Merauke, Papua, Indonesia Telephone: +62971 321178
Lembaga Pemasyarakatan Sorong, Jl. Noho Doom, Sorong, Papua, Indonesia Telephone: +62951 321330
Lembaga Pemasyarakatan Biak, Jl. Condronegro I, Biak, Papua, Indonesia Telephone: +62961 21227
Lembaga Pemasyarakatan Serui, Jl Serui, Serui, Papua, Indonesia Telephone: +62961 31303
Lembaga Pemasyarakatan Nabire, Jl. Padat Karya, Nabire, Papua, Indonesia Telephone: 21870
Lembaga Pemasyarakatan Fakfak, Jl. Letjen S.Parman, Fakfak, Papua, Indonesia Telephone: 22527
Lembaga Pemasyarakatan Wamena, Jl. Hom-hom, Wamena, Papua, Indonesia
Telephone: +62969 32586
Chief of police in Wamena: +62969 31072
Police Office in Wamena: +62969 31110
Bupati (Regent) of Wamena: +62969 31005
10. Vanimo, PNG
The Commander., Vanimo Corrective Institute, P.O .Box 124, Vanimo,
Sandaun Province, Papau New Guinea.
|Reports and other Interesting Documents|
“DERADICALISATION” AND INDONESIAN PRISONS- Asia Report N°142 – 19 November 2007Read here:
23rd Asian and Pacific Conference of Correctional Administrators Hong Kong, 7-12 December 2003Read More:
Correctional Institutions searching for effective intervention, promoting public safety & controlling drugs dependent recidivismRead here:
Indonesian Deployment of Corrective Services NSW OfficersRead here:
|2010 Human Rights Report (US State Department) Read here: |
|2011 Human Rights Watch Report Read here:|
|2011 Amnesty International Report Read here:|
FPSS DO NOT ACCEPT DONATIONS OR COLLECT MONEY FOR OR ON BEHALF OF PRISONERS OR THEIR FAMILIES.
List of Embassies in Indonesia|
Embassies in Indonesia|
PRISONER LISTINGS FOR INDONESIA|